What is Animal Welfare?

Animal welfare means how an animal is coping with the conditions in which it lives. An animal is in a good state of welfare if (as indicated by scientific evidence) it is healthy, comfortable, well-nourished, safe, able to express innate behavior, and if it is not suffering from unpleasant states such as pain, fear, and distress. Good animal welfare requires disease prevention and veterinary treatment, appropriate shelter, management, nutrition, humane handling, and humane slaughter. Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal; the treatment that an animal receives is covered by other terms such as animal care, animal husbandry, and humane treatment.1 Protecting an animal’s welfare means providing for its physical and mental needs.

Ensuring animal welfare is a human responsibility that includes consideration for all aspects of animal well-being, including proper housing, management, nutrition, disease prevention and treatment, responsible care, humane handling, and, when necessary, humane euthanasia.

There are numerous perspectives on animal welfare that are influenced by a person’s values and experiences. There are also various means of measuring animal welfare, including (but not limited to) health, productivity, behavior, and physiological responses.

The Education for Africa Animal Welfare – EAAW has defined its commitment to animal welfare through the adoption of the following Animal Welfare Principles that serves as guidance when the Association develops policies and takes action to ensure the welfare of animals:

EAAW Animal Welfare Principles

  • The EAAW, as a medical authority for the health and welfare of animals, offers the following eight integrated principles for developing and evaluating animal welfare policies, resolutions, and actions.
  • The responsible use of animals for human purposes, such as companionship, food, fiber, recreation, work, education, exhibition, and research conducted for the benefit of both humans and animals, is consistent with the Veterinarian’s Oath.
  • Decisions regarding animal care, use, and welfare shall be made by balancing scientific knowledge and professional judgment with consideration of ethical and societal values.
  • Animals must be provided with water, food, proper handling, health care, and an environment appropriate to their care and use, with thoughtful consideration for their species-typical biology and behavior.
  • Animals should be cared for in ways that minimize fear, pain, stress, and suffering.
  • Procedures related to animal housing, management, care, and use should be continuously evaluated, and when indicated, refined or replaced.
  • Conservation and management of animal populations should be humane, socially responsible, and scientifically prudent.
  • Animals shall be treated with respect and dignity throughout their lives and, when necessary, provided a humane death.
  • The veterinary profession shall continually strive to improve animal health and welfare through scientific research, education, collaboration, advocacy, and the development of legislation and regulations.

EAAW marks the World Rabies Day

From September 25th– 28th2019, Education for African Animal Welfare marked the World Rabies day celebrations in Singida, Tanzania. 

Free-roaming dogs represent the highest risk of rabies for among all mammals. 80% of most human deaths of rabies are blamed on free-roaming dogs. When we support programs to vaccinate dogs, and train experts in animal handling, we’ll make a difference

Focusing on this year’s theme, Vaccinate to Eliminate, our team, led by our director Mr. Ayubu Nnko, celebrated this day by conducting free rabies vaccinations for dogs and cats in the Iramba area of Singida region. This was a massive vaccination campaign that saw 397 dogs and cats get vaccinated against Rabies. 

Many pets brought to the stations for free vaccination

It was an interesting day indeed, and our team also engaged with students in the area, educating them on Rabies, proper animal handling and campaign efforts against the disease.  

Telling and detailed explanation on rabies and how to be safe around dogs to school pupils is one of EAAW Agenda

Why we should join hands to fight against Rabies

Rabies is estimated to cause the deaths of over 59,000 human beings in a year, all around the globe. In average, at least 100 people die of Rabies every year. This costs over 8billion USD annually in treatment alone. In recent time, Rabies has been a neglected disease, mainly associated with developing countries. 

Acute phases of Rabies infection is very lethal and is characterized by hallucinations, fever and paralysis. Other symptoms may include changes in behavior and neurological changes, such as increased aggression. 

Rabies is a fatal disease! In fact, it has a fatality rate of nearly 100%. Among all zoonotic diseases, Rabies causes the most human deaths of all diseases. However, rabies is 100% preventable. Through vaccination, nobody will die of Rabies. It is with this in mind, that EAAW conducted a vaccination campaign.

EEAW team giving free rabies vaccines to dogs and cats in Iramba-Singida area

It is important to remember that this is not a disease that is easily spread between humans; it is a disease of animals. Indeed, many reports have shown that vaccination is the most effective way of controlling the disease. It is also cost efficient to vaccinate the animals, than to treat people after exposure to the disease.

Rabies outreach Campaign in a schools in Iramba Singida

Afterwards, our team conducted an awareness campaign among students in Iramba Singida division. This was an interesting session that was conducted by our director, Mr. Ayubu Nnko. 

The aim of the awareness activity was to sensitize children on the following;

  • The importance of vaccinating pets ( such as dogs and cats).
  • How to report stray animals to local government authorities.
  • Practising caution on stray dogs and cats.
  • Education on Rabies.
School-going children from a local school in Iramba Singida learning about Rabies, and taking part in the World rabies day celebrations.

Rabies is a bad disease. Rabies kills. We should fight rabies by vaccinating our dogs.”~A primary-school student from Iramba-Singida.

“When we vaccinate our dogs, we are creating a world free of rabies. We owe this to our children, our animals and the future generations. Let us vaccinate to eliminate.”~Ayubu Nnko, EAAW Country Director.

The day ended on a high note, with celebrations, pictures and festivities among the children and the EAAW team. EAAW is grateful to Iramba DVO for their generous support and good will in ensuring that this day went well. 

Children from a local school posing for a picture with EAAW director after completion of the day’s activities,



Donkey is one of the most important animals in Tanzanian community. Despite the facts, they are not cared enough compared to their value. Bad myths lead into the suffering of donkeys. This donkey found in Iramba Singida and they needs eyes treatment


Lobbying and Advocacy

In Discussion with Iramba assistant District Director on animals welfare issues in their districts. EAW Works at Iramba Districts closely with livestock and fisheries department on animals care and protection. 



Animals has the right to be free to enjoy their nature and to feed themselves, but also they have to be helped to access the quality fodder in safe environment so that they can not be harmed in any way or injured. Love&protect them.


Donkeys Care

Donkeys feeding along the road, this is dangerous for their health

Donkey is one of the domestic animals that highly survive in dry areas especially in Africa. Donkeys is the hard working animal, while tolerates the harsh condition. We don’t have to take this for granted. Donkeys should be cared and treated like an important animal. 

We need to join our hands to shout for the right of this animals. They should be provided with water, food, shelter, vaccination and treatment where needed. Either no any touches applause to this innocent animal. 

EAAW is there to shout for the rights of this animals.



We need clean environment. We have to take care of the sea shore environment and the sea zone in general, to increase the surviving rates of sea creatures. We have to avoid plastic and chemical emissions to the sea. Help EAAW in raising voice and awareness towards environmental conservation in Tanzania, for the welfare of animals. Education is needed to our society. Join us Now. End environmental pollution